As a long-time teacher, I have a handful of lessons that I know always work. I can pick up these lessons and give them anytime and know that they will lead to engaged students, thoughtful discussions, and fun learning. Today, I am going to tell you about one of these lessons. It is one of my all-time favorite activities that I have developed for teaching art history.
But first, indulge me with a little bit of a rant.
A Short Rant about Art History Lesson Plans
Have you ever noticed that in lesson plan after lesson plan for art history, they ALWAYS start with “explain the art history to the students?” Every time, the lesson tells us to teach about the art/artist/art history, and THEN do this activity or art project or whatever. This drives me nuts. We need to take art history out of the dark lecture halls and find fun ways to teach it that don’t involved us standing in front of the room with a PowerPoint.
It has been one of my goals throughout my career to find ways to teach art history that do not start with lecture or reading. I want students to figure it out on their own first. I want them to look and analyze and notice and compare and categorize and think and wonder. I want them to figure out and understand the conventions of the art period or movement before I give them a list of basic characteristics.
Okay, thanks for letting me get this off my chest. Onward.
Classical Sculpture Lesson
Side Note: This is all nudity today, so if that is something you are avoiding for whatever reason, you probably want to skip this lesson. You can’t teach Classical Sculpture without nudes. Here is my post about nudity if you are interested in my thoughts about nudity in art.
Recommended Age: High School and College. I’ve done this with 6th grade as well with a smaller amount of images.
Time Needed: This lesson usually fills a full 1 hour and 20 minute class for me at the community college. You could easily split it into two parts if you have shorter class periods.
The objective of this lesson is to teach the conventions of the main periods/styles of Ancient Greek and Ancient Roman sculpture: Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic, Roman Imperial Portraits, and Roman Sculptural Realism. Instead of teaching the different periods and pointing out the differences, I like to throw a bunch of pictures at the students, and have them work in groups to figure it out on their own.
In this classical sculpture printable, you will find 20 pictures of sculpture from Ancient Greece and Rome. Here’s what I do. This is written for a full class of students, because that is what I used it for, but you can adapt this as an individual activity for homeschool of course.
1. Before class: Print the images (one set of images per group). See bottom of this post for the link to download the needed files. Cut out the photos (or have the students do it) and put each set in its own envelope.
2. Divide the class into groups of 3-4 and distribute one set of images to each group along with the instructions and worksheet.
3. Instruct the groups to divide the images into 5 groups of 4 images each in whatever groups they want. Tell them they have to come up with the groups and the categories on their own. They have to study each artwork in order to find similarities and differences.
4. Give the students time to complete the activity. Have each group fill out one worksheet that lists which artworks are in each group and why they chose the groups they did (what do the images in the group have in common?).
5. Have the students lay the images on the desks or tables for everyone to see when they are finished. Have all the students stand up and tour the room noticing how each group divided the groups, and then have each group present to class their categories and criteria for the sculpture groups. The students really enjoy seeing how their groups differ from the rest of the class’s groups.
6. Optional: I just came up with this idea right now, but I haven’t tested it. You could at this point pass out a sheet with the correct answers on it, and then have the students compare the correct ones with theirs. This may take too long though as this lesson already takes a good amount of time as is.
7. Review the correct answers with the class using the PowerPoint (download below). Explain the different periods and have students comment on and discuss the similarities that unite the groups together. Here’s a little preview slideshow of the PowerPoint for you. (If you are reading this via e-mail, click here to see the post in your browser to see the images.)
8. I usually follow this with a little assessment at the end or at the beginning of the next class period and show some pictures and have the students tell me which period it is from. That is not included in this resource.
When I say this is a “successful lesson,” I don’t mean the students ever get the groups correct. They hardly ever do, but the point of the lesson is not “correctness.” The goal is to get them looking carefully, analyzing, and thinking about art. They are now much more likely to remember these sculptures, because they have thought about them, done something with them, and talked about them. Although they weren’t correct at the beginning, the students do very well at identifying the different styles after the lesson!
Art Downloads for this Lesson
If you are a member of The Resource Library for Art Teachers, you can get this lesson and all of my other resources for one monthly or yearly fee. Membership the the Resource Library will be opening on August 2, 2017! Find out more information here and join the waitlist to get first dibs on your membership.
The following files are included in this downloadable resource:
- Lesson Plan (PDF)
- Handout with 20 Images to Print and Cut (9 pages, .PDF, and editable .PPT)
- Instructions Handout and Worksheet (2 pages, .PDF, and editable .DOC)
- Answer Sheet (1 page, .PDF, and editable .DOC)
- PowerPoint with Correct Answers and Information about the Art (11 slides, .PPT, and .PDF)
Try it out, and let me know how it goes! What is your favorite activity to teach art history without lecture?
This post was originally published on January 19, 2015.
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